Narcissism and Dark Personality Traits

  • Imani N. Turner
  • Gregory D. WebsterEmail author


Considered by many to be a “dark” personality trait, narcissism likely occupies a central position in the dark personality nomological net. The present chapter provides an overview of research findings and challenges involving the Dark Triad traits: narcissism, psychopathy, and Machiavellianism. Possible “fourth” traits that may comprise a Dark Tetrad—greed, spite, and sadism—are also discussed, especially in relation to narcissism. This chapter also discusses dark personality trait assessment, general differences and similarities between narcissism and the abovementioned dark personality traits, and current research findings on the Dark Triad and Dark Tetrad. Key issues and controversies regarding the factor structure of the Dark Triad and the efficacy of its expansion to include other dark traits (e.g., a Dark Tetrad) are also discussed. The chapter closes discussing future directions for dark personality traits, including novel assessment methods, further validation, and narcissism’s place in an expanded nomological network of dark traits.


Dark Triad Dark Tetrad Machiavellianism Psychopathy Sadism Greed Spite Measurement 



This work was supported by a grant to the second author (NSF Award #1635943).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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