# Opportunities to Learn Mathematics Pedagogy and Connect Classroom Learning to Practice: A Study of Future Teachers in the United States and Singapore

## Abstract

In this study, we conducted secondary analyses using the TEDS-M database to explore future mathematics specialists teachers’ opportunities to learn (OTL) how to teach mathematics. We applied latent class analysis techniques to differentiate among groups of prospective mathematics specialists with potentially different OTL mathematics pedagogy within the United States and Singapore. Within the United States, three subgroups were identified: (a) *Comprehensive OTL*, (b) *Limited OTL*, and (c) *OTL Mathematics Pedagogy*. Within Singapore, four subgroups were identified: (a) *Comprehensive OTL*, (b) *Limited Opportunities to Connect Classroom Learning with Practice*, (c) *OTL Mathematics Pedagogy*, and (d) *Basic OTL*. Understanding the opportunities different prospective teachers had to learn from and their experiences with different components of instructional practice in university and practicum settings has implications for teacher preparation programs.

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