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Institutional Relations in the Small-Scale Fisheries Sector and Impact of Regulation in an Area of Southern Italy

Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST,volume 101)

Abstract

This article is part of a broader study of the fishery system in a coastal area of Southern Italy. It presents a description of the main features of the fishing sectors in the five ports of the southernmost part of Tyrrhenian coast of the Reggio Calabria province, as derived from personal interviews to key informants. Such description contributes to an understanding of the key elements of the economic, social and political environment surrounding the small-scale fishery sector and its performance, both from a narrow economic and a broader development perspective. Further data, obtained by structured interviews to a sample of fishermen, provide information on the relations that fishermen entertain with cooperatives and other professional organizations. The main conclusion is that the system of such relations is still weak, heavily conditioned by some of the problems that resulted from the imposition, long time ago, of environmentally-motivated restrictions to the fishing activity in the area, which have all but been resolved. Lack of transparent, reliable information on the real environmental impact and sustainability of traditional practices contributes to create an environment that does not encourage active participation.

Keywords

  • Small-scale fishery
  • Environmental regulation in the EU fishery
  • Cooperatives and other institutions

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Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.

Notes

  1. 1.

    See [2] for a detailed description of the quantitative study.

  2. 2.

    REG. CE 1967/2006.

  3. 3.

    A form of coastal fishing system regulated by the Ministerial Decree 14 September 1999 and its modifications.

  4. 4.

    Technical support includes, for example, the assistance needed for vessels inspections, or guidance on the use of specific equipment, such as GPS, etc.

  5. 5.

    “Report” MARE NOSTRUM episode. Available at: http://www.report.rai.it/dl/Report/puntata/ContentItem-1c6411c7-2f60-490d-bd5a-2829c1d233ff.html.

  6. 6.

    It is a common opinion among fishermen that there was no valid reason to ban the spadara and, even more so, the ferrettara, (a drift-net with smaller mesh size than the spadara, included in the ban a few years later) considered to be among the most highly selective fishing gears. In supporting their argument, local fishermen usually refer to a study according to which: “the number of species caught, on average, by a drift gillnet is generally lower than the number of species caught by any other type on fishing net” [7]. The study, however, qualifies the finding by stating that it does not consider the “problem of the accidental catches of cetaceous” which is one of the main reasons why the drift net ban was issued in the first place, following a 1995 UN General Assembly resolution calling for a moratorium of all large-scale drift nets.

  7. 7.

    For discussions on the extent of by-catches of protected species by driftnets in the Mediterranean, see [8, 9].

References

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Acknowledgments

This study has been supported by GASTROCERT, a Project on Gastronomy and Creative Entrepreneurship in Rural Tourism, funded by JPI Cultural Heritage and Global Change - Heritage Plus, ERA-NET Plus action “Development of new methodologies, technologies and products for the assessment, protection and management of historical and modern artefacts, buildings and sites”, 2015–2018. It provides further elaboration of the data collected and the results obtained in a project supported by the “Stretto” Coast FLAG, Calabria Region - European Fisheries Fund (2007–2013), Priority Axis 4: Sustainable Development of Fisheries Areas - Measure 4.1. Strengthening the Competitiveness of Fisheries Areas. Special thanks are due to Mr Vincenzo Bagnato and Mr Mimmo Zagari for their availability.

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Correspondence to Monica Palladino .

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Palladino, M., Cafiero, C., Marcianò, C. (2019). Institutional Relations in the Small-Scale Fisheries Sector and Impact of Regulation in an Area of Southern Italy. In: Calabrò, F., Della Spina, L., Bevilacqua, C. (eds) New Metropolitan Perspectives. ISHT 2018. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, vol 101. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-92102-0_52

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