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The Role of Social Relations in Promoting Effective Policies to Support Diversification Within a Fishing Community in Southern Italy

Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST,volume 101)

Abstract

Small-scale fishery in Southern Italy is exposed to increasing pressure from changing economic, institutional and environmental conditions. Diversification strategies to accompany the changes will require the support from effective institutions, where fishermen are given a central position and an active role. To explore the strength of the social fabric of the fishing community and its ability to sustain the needed institutional innovation, this article analyses the type of relationships that fishermen declare to entertain with their colleagues. Data collected by interviewing twenty-five fishermen, distributed across the five ports of the area, are used to create social network representations of the revealed acquaintance, information sharing and trust relationships. The discussion on the results is contextualized in the evolving institutional and legal setting associated with the new European Common Fishery Policy. While the current level of sharing managerial information is low, we find that there is sufficient trust among fishermen across the five ports to support increased cooperation, an essential requirement – in our opinion – to enable a small-scale fishery community to respond to the emerging sustainability challenges.

Keywords

  • Small-scale fishery
  • Diversification strategies
  • Network analysis of social relations

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Notes

  1. 1.

    As one of the 26 selected fishermen could only be interviewed by phone, the length of the interview did not allow the collection of all information needed to inform the two-mode network analyzed here.

  2. 2.

    For a detailed description of the study design, see [2].

  3. 3.

    For the existence of trust relations, values were expressed on a five-level Likert scale as: “low”, “medium-low”, “medium”, “medium-high” and “high”.

  4. 4.

    To create the network graphs, we used the “Igraph” package [8] under R [9].

  5. 5.

    Not all interviewed expressed an opinion on each of the listed activities, a reason why the total number of respondents may be less than 25.

  6. 6.

    By technical information we mean information on the use of fishing gears, on meteo conditions, on navigation courses, etc.

  7. 7.

    As examples of managerial information, we mentioned information on applications to financial subsidies, participation to development plans, etc.

  8. 8.

    The aspects related to the implications of the EU imposed restrictions to the fishing activity in the area are explored in more depth in [10].

References

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Acknowledgements

This study has been supported by GASTROCERT, a Project on Gastronomy and Creative Entrepreneurship in Rural Tourism, funded by JPI Cultural Heritage and Global Change - Heritage Plus, ERA-NET Plus action “Development of new methodologies, technologies and products for the assessment, protection and management of historical and modern artefacts, buildings and sites”, 2015–2018. It provides further elaboration of the data collected and the results obtained in a project supported by the “Stretto” Coast FLAG, Calabria Region - European Fisheries Fund (2007–2013), Priority Axis 4: Sustainable Development of Fisheries Areas - Measure 4.1. Strengthening the Competitiveness of Fisheries Areas.

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Correspondence to Monica Palladino .

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Palladino, M., Cafiero, C., Marcianò, C. (2019). The Role of Social Relations in Promoting Effective Policies to Support Diversification Within a Fishing Community in Southern Italy. In: Calabrò, F., Della Spina, L., Bevilacqua, C. (eds) New Metropolitan Perspectives. ISHT 2018. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, vol 101. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-92102-0_14

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