A System of Innovation to Activate Practices on Open Data: The Open4Citizens Project
The increasing production of data is encouraging government institutions to consider the potential of open data as a public resource and to publish a large number of public datasets. This is configuring a new scenario in which open data are likely to play an important role for democracy and transparency and for new innovation possibilities, in relation to the creation of a new generation of public services based on open data.
In this context, though, it is possible to observe an asymmetry between the supply side of open data and the demand side. While more and more institutions are producing and publishing data, there is no public awareness of the way in which such data can be used, nor is there a diffuse practice to work with those data.
The definition of a practice for a large use of data is the aim of the Open4Citizens project, which promoted initiatives at different levels: at the level of immediate interaction between citizens, experts and open data, at the level of the creation of an ecosystem to work with data and at a level that could support the institutionalisation and consolidation of the new practice.
KeywordsOpen data Innovation Citizens participation
- 1.Shepard, M. (ed.): Sentient City: Ubiquitous Computing, Architecture, and the Future of Urban Space. MIT Press, Cambridge Mass (2011)Google Scholar
- 3.Kapoor, S., Mojsilović, A., Strattner, J.N., Varshney, K.R.: From open data ecosystems to systems of innovation: a journey to realize the promise of open data. Paper presented at the Bloomberg Data for Good Exchange Conference, New York City, 28 September 2015Google Scholar
- 4.Turki, S., Martin, S., Renault, S.: How open data ecosystems are stimulated? In: Paper presented at the Proceedings of the International Conference on Electronic Governance and Open Society: Challenges in Eurasia, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation (2017)Google Scholar
- 6.Huijboom, N., Van den Broek, T.: Open data: an international comparison of strategies. Eur. J. Pract. 12(1), 4–16 (2011)Google Scholar
- 7.Zuiderwijk, A., Janssen, M., Davis, C.: Smart government, citizen participation and open data. Inf. Polity 19(12), 17–33 (2014)Google Scholar
- 10.Kun, P.: Design case study report. Open4Citizens Deliverable 2.3 (2017). http://open4citizens.eu/
- 11.Manzini, E., Staszowski, E.: Public and collaborative: exploring the intersection of design, social innovation and public policy (2013). http://www.designagainstcrime.com/files/publications/pub_2013_public_and_collaborative.pdf
- 12.Bollier, D.: Think Like a Commoner: A Short Introduction to the Life of the Commons. New Society Publishers, Gabriola Island (2014)Google Scholar
- 13.Hess, C.: Mapping the new commons. In: Paper Read at International Association for the Study of the Commons. University of Gloucestershire, Cheltenham (2008). https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1356835
- 14.Morelli, N., Mulder, I., Concilio, G., Pedersen, J., Jaskiewicz, T., Götzen, A.D., Aguilar, M.: Open data as a new commons: empowering citizens to make meaningful use of a new resource. In: Paper Presented at the 4th International Conference on Internet Science, Thessaloniki (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 16.Davies, T.: Open data, democracy and public sector reform. M.sc dissertation, University of Oxford (2010)Google Scholar