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The Changing Role of Military Power in the Arctic

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The GlobalArctic Handbook

Abstract

In the Cold War era, military power was a coercive instrument in a global confrontation between two superpowers and capitalist and socialist systems. The Arctic region was part of this global confrontation; it was a home for strategic nuclear forces (especially Soviet ones) and an important area for significant military activities. Both the United States and the Soviet Union pursued containment strategies, with mutually assured destruction (MAD) doctrine at their cores.

This research was conducted within the framework of the GlobalArctic project run by the Northern Research Forum and CANARCT project no. 257638 funded by the Research Council of Norway, 04-2016–03-2019.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    The US has signed but not ratified the UNCLOS, although Washington de facto observes most of the Convention’s rules.

  2. 2.

    http://www.canada.com/topics/news/story.html?id=7ca93d97-3b26-4dd1-8d92-8568f9b7cc2a.

  3. 3.

    http://www.dni.ru/economy/2008/9/12/149006.html.

  4. 4.

    http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/norway-border-fence-russia-refugees-refugee-crisis-schengen-syria-war-a7208806.html.

  5. 5.

    http://www.euronews.com/2016/01/20/norway-sends-syrian-refugees-back-to-russia.

  6. 6.

    http://tass.com/politics/852479.

  7. 7.

    https://sputniknews.com/world/201604081037708246-finland-russia-border-restrictions/.

  8. 8.

    http://www.rg.ru/2010/06/02/pronichev.html.

  9. 9.

    http://www.ng.ru/economics/2011-08-31/4_arctic.html.

  10. 10.

    http://sputniknews.com/environment/20160610/1041126139/russia-norway-arctic-nuclear-waste.html.

  11. 11.

    http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Canada_builds_up_arctic_maritime_surveillance_999.html.

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Correspondence to Valery Konyshev .

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Konyshev, V., Sergunin, A. (2019). The Changing Role of Military Power in the Arctic. In: Finger, M., Heininen, L. (eds) The GlobalArctic Handbook. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91995-9_11

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