• Laurence L. DelinaEmail author


Diversity of participation is achieved when the campaign involves as many participants as possible and encompasses genders, socio-economic classes, religions, beliefs, etc. Equally essential for success, however, is how these heterogeneous actions can be linked together. This chapter calls for webbing and, so, asks how could networks be established in ways that encourage, engage, and empower campaigners and groups instead of weakening and dispiriting them. It describes how non-hierarchical, centerless, and submerged forms of resistance can be triggered, sustained, and scaled. As these dynamics pan out, this chapter further asks what contemporary social action campaigns tell of group independence and dependence, and what does this mean in terms of webbing divergent, multi-level, and transnational, yet rhisomatic, climate actions.


Networking Webbing Flat organisation Linkages Coalitions Networks 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Frederick S. Pardee Center for the Study of the Longer-Range FutureBoston UniversityBostonUSA

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