Advertisement

Relating

  • Laurence L. DelinaEmail author
Chapter
  • 144 Downloads

Abstract

Face-to-face interactions remain key in turning talk into effective climate actions. While this opportunity is already present among climate action groups, there are still gaps that need to be understood, filled, and reflected upon when messengers relate with their audiences. This chapter asks how can climate action campaigners orient their dialogues and conversations to ensure stronger engagement with their audience, what are the strengths and limits observed by contemporary social action groups when building relationships with their publics, how can these strengths be translated into other spaces and audiences, and what the weaknesses tell and what practical lessons emerged from these experiences.

Keywords

Climate communication Face-to-face activism Public engagement 

References

  1. Agyeman, J. (2008). Toward a ‘just’ sustainability? Continuum: Journal of Media & Cultural Studies, 22, 751–756.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arabella Advisors. (2014). Measuring the global fossil fuel divestment movement. http://bit.ly/1reDL6Q.
  3. Assadourian, E. (2013). Building an enduring environmental movement. In E. Assadourian & T. Prugh (Project Directors), State of the World 2013: Is Sustainability Still Possible? (pp. 292–303). Washington, DC; Covelo, CA; and London, UK: Island Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) Environment. (2013, 1 August). ‘Unitarian church divests from fossil fuels.’ ABC News, http://ab.co/1lIDjJZ.
  5. Bertini, I. (2014, September 23). Church of Sweden completed fossil fuels divestment as movement doubles in one year. Blue & Green Tomorrow. http://bit.ly/1wLlKyM.
  6. Bulkeley, H., & Betsill, M. (2003). Cities and Climate Change: Urban Sustainability and Global Governance. London, UK: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Delina, L. (2016). Strategies for Rapid Climate Mitigation: Wartime Mobilisation as Model for Action? Oxon, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
  8. Delina, L. (2018). Can energy democracy thrive in a non-democracy? Frontiers in Environmental Science, 6, 5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Delina, L., Diesendorf, M., & Merson, J. (2014). Strengthening the climate action movement strategies from histories. Carbon Management, 5, 397–409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Diesendorf, M. (2009). Climate Action: A Campaign Manual for Greenhouse Solutions. Sydney, Australia: UNSW Press.Google Scholar
  11. Fernandez, R. M., & MacAdam, D. (1988). Social networks and social movements: Multiorganizational fields and recruitment to Mississippi Freedom Summer. Sociological Forum, 3, 357–382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fisher, D. R., & McInerney, P.-B. (2012). The limits of networks in social movement retention: On canvassers and their careers. Mobilization: An International Journal, 17, 109–128.Google Scholar
  13. Gudynas, E. (2011). Buen Vivir: Germinando alternativas al desarrollo. América Latina en movimiento, 462, 1–20.Google Scholar
  14. Hannam, P. (2014, October 20). More Australian universities come under pressure to divest from fossil fuels. The Sydney Morning Herald. http://bit.ly/1qLBZI3.
  15. Islar, M., & Busch, H. (2016). “We are not in this to save the polar bears!”—The link between community renewable energy development and ecological citizenship. Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research, 29, 303–319.Google Scholar
  16. Jasper, J. M., & Poulsen, J. D. (1995). Recruiting strangers and friends: Moral shocks and social networks in animal rights and antinuclear protests. Social Problems, 42, 493–512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kirby, A. (2008). A UN Guide to Climate Neutrality. Malta: United Nations Environment Programme and GRID-Arendal.Google Scholar
  18. Klandermans, B., & Oegema, D. (1987). Potentials, networks, motivations, and barriers: Steps towards participation in social movements. American Sociological Review, 52, 519–531.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Læssoe, J. (2007). Participation and sustainable development: The post-ecologist transformation of citizen involvement in Denmark. Environmental Politics, 16, 231–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Manning, S., & Reinecke, J. (2016). A modular governance architecture in-the-making: How transnational standard-setters govern sustainability transitions. Research Policy, 45, 618–633.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Maxmin, C. (2017, June 5). How Harvard divestment was won. The Nation.Google Scholar
  22. Morris, C., & Jungjohann, A. (2016). Energy Democracy: Germany’s Energiewende to Renewables. London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Moser, SC., & Dilling, L. (Eds.). (2007). Creating a Climate for Change: Communicating Climate Change and Facilitating Social Change. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  24. North, P. (2011). The politics of climate activism in the UK: A social movement analysis. Environment and Planning A, 43, 1581–1598.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Opp, K.-D., & Gern, C. (1993). Dissident groups, personal networks, and spontaneous cooperation: The East-German Revolution of 1989. American Sociological Review, 58, 659–680.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pearse, R. (2016). Moving targets: Carbon pricing, energy markets, and social movements in Australia. Environmental Politics, 25, 1079–1101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Raushenbush, P. B. (2013, July 2). Fossil fuel divestment strategy passes at United Church of Christ Convention (UCC). The Huffington Post. http://huff.to/1xVzYfC.
  28. Saunders, C. (2008). Double-edged swords? Collective identity and solidarity in the environmental movement. The British Journal of Sociology, 59, 227–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Schneider, F., Kallis, G., & Martinez-Alier, J. (2010). Crisis or opportunity? Economic degrowth for social equity and ecological sustainability. Journal of Cleaner Production, 18, 511–518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Schor, J. B. (2010). Plenitude: The New Economics of True Wealth. New York, USA: The Penguin Press.Google Scholar
  31. Snow, D. A. (2013). Framing and social movements. In D. A. Snow, D. della Porta, B. Klandermans, & D. McAdam (Eds.), The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Social and Political Movements. Malden, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  32. Snow, D. A., Rochford, B., Worden, S. K., & Benford, R. D. (1986). Frame alignment processes, micromobilization, and movement participation. American Sociological Review, 51, 464–481.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Vala, C. T., & O’Brien, K. J. (2007). Attraction without networks: Recruiting strangers to unregistered protestantism in China. Mobilization, 12, 79–94.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Frederick S. Pardee Center for the Study of the Longer-Range FutureBoston UniversityBostonUSA

Personalised recommendations