Virtual Reality as a Tool for Teaching Architecture

  • Guilherme Valle Loures BrandãoEmail author
  • Wilian Daniel Henriques do Amaral
  • Caio Augusto Rabite de Almeida
  • Jose Alberto Barroso Castañon
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10919)


Every year many technologies are developed and implemented in such a way that fundamentally alters how we create, develop and interact with the environment. Virtual Reality has been broadly spread on architecture by allowing users to immerse on a digital universe or in an unbuilt project simulation. On engineering and architecture, project solutions and proposal visualization are essential for the diverse steps understanding and new project solutions development. Such tools help on speeding up processes, iterate and explore digital models faster and create the best solutions. The insertion of contents that support the student formation related to new technologies is an important step towards the qualification of future architects to new design tendencies. This paper aims to evaluate the further training methods on graphic representation and architectural design aid tools at the Juiz de Fora Federal University (UFJF). For this purpose, the use and evaluation of a VR experience used to show several architectural projects designed by the architecture students from the Federal University of Juiz de Fora presentations. The work starts from the premise that the technology applied to mobile devices such as cellphones or virtual reality goggles are reasonably cheap to acquire and become familiar to the student if presented on the first stages of learning, achieving a deep and complex status as the alumni progresses towards graduation. To conclude, it is perceived that after an initial adaptation period there was a perceivable acceptation and architectonic design comprehension by students.


Architecture Design process Teaching Virtual reality Technology 



The authors thank CAPES and the PROAC - Built Environment Graduate Programme from Federal University of Juiz de Fora for the support received during this work execution.


  1. Borgart, A., Kocaturk, T.: Free-form design as the digital ‘‘Zeitgeist’’. J. IASS 48(4), 3–9 (2007).
  2. Borsboom-Van Beurden, J.A.M., Van Lammeren, R.J.A., Hoogerwerf, T., Bouwman, A.A.: Linking land use modeling and 3D visualization. In: Van Leeuwen, J.P., Timmermans, H.J.P. (eds.) Innovations in Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, pp. 85–101. Springer, Dordrecht (2006).
  3. Cross, N.: From a design science to a design discipline: Understanding designerly ways of knowing and thinking. In: Design Research Now, pp. 41–54 (2007)Google Scholar
  4. Cross, N., Dorst, K.: Co-evolution of problem and solution space in creative design. In: Gero, J.S., Maher, M.L. (eds.) Computational Models of Creative Design Computing, pp. 243–262. University of Sydney, Sydney (1999)Google Scholar
  5. da Fonseca, A.G.M.F.: Aprendizagem, mobilidade e convergência: mobile learning com celulares e smartphones. Revista_Mídia_e_Cotidiano 2(2), 265–283 (2013)Google Scholar
  6. Fonseca, D., Villagrasa, S., Martí, N., Redondo, E., Sánchez, A.: Visualization methods in architecture education using 3D virtual models and augmented reality in mobile and social networks. In: Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 93, pp. 1337–1343. (2013). ISSN 1877-0428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fonseca, D., Martí, N., Redondo, E., Navarro, I., Sánchez, A.: Relationship between student profile, tool use, participation, and academic performance: with the use of Augmented Reality technology for visualized architecture models. Comput. Hum. Behav. 31, 434–445 (2014). Scholar
  8. Grave, L., Escaleira, C., Silva, A.F., Marcos, A.: A Realidade Virtual como Ferramenta de Treino para Montagem de Cablagens Eléctricas. In: Proceddings of 10° Encontro Português de Computação Grafca, pp. 147–63 (2001)Google Scholar
  9. Kubity® App. Accessed 15 Aug 2017
  10. Oxman, R.: Theory and design in the first digital age. Des. Stud. 27(3), 229–265 (2006). Scholar
  11. Rebelo, F., Duarte, E., Noriega, P., Soares, M.M.: Virtual Reality in consumer product design: methods and applications. In: Karwowski, W., Soares, M.M., Stanton, N.A. (eds.) Human Factors and Ergonomics in Consumer Product Design: Methods and Techniques. pp. 381–402. CRC Press, Boca Raton (2011). Scholar
  12. Sánchez, A., Redondo, E., Fonseca, D., Navarro, I.: Construction processes using mobile augmented reality: a study case in Building Engineering degree. In: Rocha, A., Correia, A.M., Wilson, T., Stroetmann, K.A. (eds.) Advances in Information Systems and Technologies, pp. 1053–1062. Springer, Berlin (2013). Scholar
  13. Schon, D.: Designing as reflective conversation with the materials of a design situation. Res. Eng. Des. 3(3), 131–147 (1992). Scholar
  14. Silvestri, C., Motro, R., Maurin, B., Dresp-Langley, B.: Visual spatial learning of complex object morphologies through the interaction with virtual and real-world data. Des. Stud. 31(4), 363–381 (2010). Scholar
  15. Tversky, B.: Functional significance of visuospatial representations. In: Shah, P., Miyake, A. (eds.) Handbook of Higher-Level Visuospatial Thinking, pp. 1–34. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2005).
  16. Virtual Reality. In: Encyclopædia Britannica (2010). Accessed 11 Aug 2017
  17. Ye, J.: Integration of virtual reality techniques into computer aided product design. Thesis (Design Ph.D.) - Department of Design and Technology, Loughborough University, UK (2005)Google Scholar
  18. Ye, J., Campbell, R.I., Page, T., Badni, K.S.: An investigation into the implementation of virtual reality technologies in support of conceptual design. Des. Stud. 27(1), 77–97 (2006). Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guilherme Valle Loures Brandão
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wilian Daniel Henriques do Amaral
    • 1
  • Caio Augusto Rabite de Almeida
    • 1
  • Jose Alberto Barroso Castañon
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidade Federal de Juiz de ForaJuiz de ForaBrazil

Personalised recommendations