What Are the Drivers of Social Responsibility?
One of the most interesting questions in CSR literature is about the drivers of companies to engage in CSR. In the literature, many scholars have attempted to address this question and the aim of the current chapter is to examine these drivers of CSR in a systematic manner. The review of the literature reveals that these antecedents of CSR can be grouped into three main input categories as (1) micro or individual level, (2) meso or organizational level, and (3) macro or environmental level. In the first level, the studies mainly focus on top managers by investigating the role of their gender, age, tenure, leadership styles, values etc. on the socially responsible activities. In the organizational variables, the impacts of ownership structure, board composition, strategy, culture, and employees, and other characteristics are discussed based on the findings of recent studies. As the last domain, environmental variables are analyzed at three levels of task environment, institutional environment, and global environment.
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