Conclusions: Alternative Bio-Economies

  • Kean Birch


In the conclusion, I reflect on the implications of the previous chapters by returning to the theoretical concerns I raise throughout the book about the identification of a specifically ‘neoliberal’ bio-economy. Part of this critical engagement with neoliberalism involves identifying alternative bio-economies, reflecting different bio-economies that are not underpinned by market principles.


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kean Birch
    • 1
  1. 1.York UniversityTorontoCanada

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