Climate change threatens the future of humanity, unless we can find ways to solve a number of pressing issues. We need to transform our societies and economies quickly into low-carbon versions of themselves, or we’ll end up facing societal and economic collapse, international and civil war, and environmental catastrophe. How we go about transforming our societies and economies, however, is a choice we have to make. One choice we could make is to promote and support the transition to a bio-economy—an economy underpinned by the use of biological material rather than fossil fuels in the production of energy, materials, chemicals, and so on. This chapter provides the outline for my analysis of this transition, focusing specifically on the development of advanced biofuels in Canada as a case study.
- Becker, S., Moss, T. and Naumann, M. (2016) The importance of space: Towards a socio-material and political geography of energy transitions, in L. Gailing and T. Moss (eds) Conceptualizing Germany’s energy transition, London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 93–108.Google Scholar
- Berners-Lee, M. and Clark, D. (2013) The burning question, London: Profile Books.Google Scholar
- Birch, K. (2013) The political economy of technoscience: An emerging research agenda, Spontaneous Generations: A Journal for the History and Philosophy of Science 7(1): 49–61.Google Scholar
- Birch, K. and Calvert, K. (2015) Rethinking ‘drop-in’ biofuels: On the political materialities of bioenergy, Science and Technology Studies 28: 52–72.Google Scholar
- CEC. (2012) Innovating for sustainable growth: A bioeconomy for Europe [COM(2012) 60 Final], Brussels: Commission of the European Communities.Google Scholar
- German Bioeconomy Council. (2015) Bioeconomy policy: Synopsis and analysis of strategies in the G7, Berlin: Office of the German Bioeconomy Council.Google Scholar
- Hilgartner, S. (2015) Capturing the imaginary: Vanguards, visions, and the synthetic biology revolution, in S. Hilgartner, C. Miller and R. Hagendijk (eds) Science and democracy: Making knowledge and making power in the biosciences and beyond, London: Routledge, pp. 33–55.Google Scholar
- HM Treasury. (2006) Stern review on the economics of climate change, London: HM Treasury, available at: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/sternreview_index.htm (accessed February 2018).
- Hughes, T. (1983) Networks of power, Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
- Lohmann, L. (2010) Neoliberalism and the calculable world: The rise of carbon trading, in K. Birch and V. Mykhnenko (eds) The rise and fall of neoliberalism, London: Zed Books, pp. 77–93.Google Scholar
- Mabee, W. (2007) Policy options to support biofuel production, Advances in Biochemical Engineering 108: 329–357.Google Scholar
- Mazzucato, M. (2013) The entrepreneurial state, London: Anthem Press.Google Scholar
- McKibben, B. (2012) Global warming’s terrifying new math, Rolling Stone 19 July, retrieved from: https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/global-warmings-terrifying-new-math-20120719.
- McKibben, B. (2016) Recalculating the climate math, New Republic 22 September, retrieved from: https://newrepublic.com/article/136987/recalculating-climate-math.
- Mitchell, T. (2011) Carbon democracy, London: Verso.Google Scholar
- Moore, J.W. (2015) Capitalism in the web of life, London: Verso.Google Scholar
- Oreskes, N. and Conway, E. (2010) Merchants of doubt, New York: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
- Smith, J. (2010) Biofuels and the globalization of risk, London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
- Stern, N. (2010) A blueprint for a safer planet, London: Vintage Books.Google Scholar
- Tickell, O. (2009) Kyoto2, London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
- The White House. (2012) National bioeconomy blueprint, Washington DC: The White House.Google Scholar
- TNI. (2015) The bioeconomy: A primer, Amsterdam: Transnational Institute.Google Scholar
- Tyfield, D. (2017) Liberalism 2.0 and the rise of China, London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Worldwatch Institute. (2007) Biofuels for transport, London: Earthscan.Google Scholar