Debates about migration and immigrant integration are highly topical issues in Australia and Western Europe. This chapter highlights the controversies surrounding the topics of migration and immigrant integration. It draws attention to the key significant stakeholders of the debates of immigrant integration and the complexities and interactions between these actors. It discusses how varied integration models, policies and programmes and key terms used to describe the processes of incorporating newcomers further polarise the debate about immigrant integration. It briefly outlines research methodology applied in conducting an examination of Muslim conceptualisation of integration. Finally, the chapter presents how immigrant integration policies evolved in Australia over the years from an early history of segregation policies to the adoption of multiculturalism.
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