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Are Romanian Children Left behind a Vulnerable Group to Human Trafficking?

Part of the International Perspectives on Migration book series (IPMI,volume 15)

Abstract

After the fall of the Communist regime, the Romanian population has decreased approximately 15%, due to the high level of labour migration. The migration of Romanians was even more intensified later on, after Romania has joined the European Union. This decrease of population was due to an increased demand of the West-European population for domestic, construction and agricultural workers, corroborated with the entitlement of the new European citizens to free movement of workers within the territory of the European Union. As a direct consequence, a minimum of 82,464 children were left behind. Given that, more and more national and international reports have started to consider children left behind as a potential vulnerable group to human trafficking Therefore, the authors of this article have started to conduct a qualitative research intending to determine, if and to which extent, children left behind are vulnerable to human trafficking. The findings of the research are presented herein.

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-90942-4_4
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Notes

  1. 1.

    Data provided by the Romanian National Agency Against Human Trafficking (ANITP), and collected through the National System of Identification, Monitor and Evaluation of Human Trafficking Victims (SIMEV).

  2. 2.

    The Romanian SIMEV has revealed, in 2015, several victims that were living with relatives (22); had no support from the family (34); were institutionalized (51). Despite that this data does not remit directly to the phenomenon of children left behind, a confirmation has been made during an interview with an ANITP worker that many of the identified children were left behind.

  3. 3.

    International Convention for the Suppression of the “White Slave Traffic,” May 4, 1910, 211 Consol. T.S. 45, 1912 GR. Brit. T.S. No. 20, as amended by Protocol Amending the International Agreement for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic, and Amending the International Convention for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic, May 4, 1949, 2 U.S.T. 1999, 30 U.N.T.S. 23, entered into force June 21, 1951.

  4. 4.

    29th April 2004, Council Directive 2004/81/EC; The Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings was adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on 3 May 2005 and the European Directive 2011/36/EU.

  5. 5.

    For further details please access the Romanian Criminal Code on http://www.legislationline.org/documents/section/criminal-codes/country/8

  6. 6.

    “Dirigentie” – Educational class in which the form master discusses different topics of interest with the pupil.

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Pascoal, R.H., Schwartz, A.N.E. (2018). Are Romanian Children Left behind a Vulnerable Group to Human Trafficking?. In: Ducu, V., Nedelcu, M., Telegdi-Csetri, A. (eds) Childhood and Parenting in Transnational Settings. International Perspectives on Migration, vol 15. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90942-4_4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90942-4_4

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-90941-7

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-90942-4

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