Units of Analysis I: Models and Computer Simulations
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Theories, models, experimental set-ups, prototypes: these are some of the typical units of analysis found in standard scientific and engineering work. Science and engineering are of course populated with other, equally decisive units of analysis that facilitate our description and knowledge of the world. These include hypotheses, conjectures, postulates, and a host of theoretical machinery. Computer simulations are the new acquisition in the scientific and engineering arena that count as novel units of analysis.