The Instrumentalization of Euroscepticism by Third Parties



In January 2016, the European Union’s (EU) Foreign Affairs Council (FAC) reinforced its “differentiation policy” in the “conclusions on the Middle East Peace Process” (MEPP). It highlighted the Union’s position that Israeli settlements products must be clearly labeled in all the 28 member states, and expressed the Union’s “commitment to ensure that—in line with international law—all agreements between […] Israel and the EU must unequivocally and explicitly indicate their inapplicability to the territories occupied by Israel in 1967” (Council of the EU 2016, Clause 8). While the Council’s conclusions were hailed as a great success by several member states, in the days leading up to the vote the foreign policy document was constantly changed and its criticism of Israel’s colonial project was softened.


Productive Settlements EEAS Official Syriza Kotzias European External Action Service (EEAS) 
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Politics and GovernmentBen-Gurion University of the NegevBeer-ShevaIsrael

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