Between Authoritarianism and Liberalism: The Potential and Limits of Elections



“Democracy in Crisis,” the title of the 2018 Freedom house data warns against the declining political rights and civil liberties in the world politics. Following the global pattern the countries of the East Mediterranean region has the average score of 41.5 out of 100 (see the Fig. 1 below for regional and country specific scores). What distinguishes the region from others, however, is the incredibly uneven scores and the concerning decline. On the one hand, the current situation in Syria introduced a rare rating of negative one, on the other hand the relatively high scores of Israel and Greece and designation as “free,” do not eliminate the concerns regarding declining some liberties and freedom. For instance, Israel’s civil liberties score declined because of new legislation aimed at tightening restrictions on critical nongovernmental organizations and denying them access to international support.


Critical Nongovernmental Organizations Country-specific Scoring East Mediterranean Region Competitive Authoritarian Regimes (CARs) Invalid Votes 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The author acknowledges Michael Dirksen and Mine Tafolar’s significant contributions to the analysis.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA

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