Hierarchy, Sovereignty, and Adaptation in the Eastern Mediterranean



Though not indigenous to the Eastern Mediterranean, the national state model has had enormous impact in shaping the trajectory of political and social change within the region (Tilly 1992). Political entrepreneurs in this region have responded to the emergence of national states in a number of ways and experimented with a plethora of understandings of nationhood and statehood. They have tried to sequence state-building, nation-building, and territorializing policies in ways that at once paralleled and diverged from their counterparts in Western Europe (Kitromilides 1989; Mylonas 2013). Novel institutional designs for sovereignty continue to appear to this day. Some of these designs, such as the emergence of the Islamic State, an unbounded but still territorial de facto state, were seen as direct challenges and dangers to the international system. Others, such as the development of a vast channel of refugees and migrants connecting the region with the capital centers of EU member states, have been even more difficult to assess.


Vast Channel Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) NATONorth Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization Zarqawi 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.George Washington UniversityWashington, DCUSA
  2. 2.Virginia Tech School of Public and International AffairsBlacksburgUSA
  3. 3.Rice University’s Baker Institute for Public PolicyHoustonUSA

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