• Gareth DaveyEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Well-Being and Quality of Life Research book series (BRIEFSWELLBEING)


The final chapter concludes the monograph with a summary of its key findings followed by a consideration of their limitations as well as directions for future studies. In addition, there is a reflection on the methodology and epistemology of the research, and the author’s position regarding the cultures it attempts to capture. The people studied in this book—rural-to-urban migrants in Bangalore, and Internet users in a virtual forum—were rich sources of information about Badagas living in India today and their encounters with new modes of sociality and quality of life. Although previous studies document a rich culture and history of Badagas, they are established on data, style, and trends of writers in the nineteenth century onwards, and underpin a simplified picture in need of updating. This multi-sited ethnography informs a critical update. It develops a revisionist narrative which, at an empirical level, unpacks ways migrants and netizens negotiate self and life quality while navigating inevitable shifts taking place in society and the circumstances in which they live; and, at a theoretical level, rebalances inequalities in representations of Badagas in the literature through revealing their lives in the twenty-first century as multiply-situated, dynamic, and fully engaged with modernity.


Badagas Identity Nilgiri Hills Quality of life 


  1. Alvesson, M., & Sköldberg, K. (2009). Reflexive methodology: New vistas for qualitative research. London, England: SAGE Publications.Google Scholar
  2. Bhowmik, S. K. (1997). Participation and control: Study of a co-operative tea factory in the Nilgiris. Economic and Political Weekly, 32(39), A106–A113.Google Scholar
  3. Davey, G. (2008). Twenty years of visual anthropology. Visual Anthropology, 21(3), 189–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Davey, G. (2012). Internet. In A. Stanton., E. Ramsamy., P. Seybolt., & C. Elliott (Eds.), Cultural sociology of the Middle East, Asia, & Africa: An encyclopedia (pp. IV228-IV230). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.Google Scholar
  5. Falzon, M.-A. (Ed.). (2009). Multi-sited ethnography: Theory, praxis and locality in contemporary research. Surrey, England: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  6. Goffman, E. (1974). Frame analysis: An essay on the organization of experience. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Hockings, P. (1980). Ancient Hindu refugees: Badaga social history, 1550–1975. The Hague, The Netherlands: Mouton Publishers.Google Scholar
  8. Hockings, P. (1999). Kindreds of the earth: Badaga household structure and demography. New Delhi, India: SAGE Publications.Google Scholar
  9. Hockings, P. (2013). So long a saga: Four centuries of Badaga social history. New Delhi, India: Manohar.Google Scholar
  10. Mandelbaum, D. G. (1982). The Nilgiris as a region. Economic & Political Weekly, 17(36), 1459–1467.Google Scholar
  11. Marcus, G. E. (2011). Mulit-sited ethnography: Five or six things I know about it now. In S. Coleman & P. Von Hellermann (Eds.), Problems and possibilities in the translocation of research methods. London, England: Routledge.Google Scholar
  12. Mead, G. H. (1934). Mind, self, & society from the standpoint of a social behaviorist. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  13. Misra, P. K. (1999, December 14). The Badaga way of life. The Hindu.Google Scholar
  14. Neilson, J., & Pritchard, B. (2009). Value chain struggles: Institutions and governance in the plantation districts of South India. Sussex, England: Wiley.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ranga, N. G. (1934). The tribes of the Nilgiris: Their social and economic conditions. Bezwada, India: Vani Press.Google Scholar
  16. Raju, A. S. (1941). Economic conditions in the Madras Presidency 1800–1850. Madras, India: University of Madras.Google Scholar
  17. Thurston, E., & Rangachari, K. (1909). Castes and tribes of Southern India. Madras, India: Government Press.Google Scholar
  18. Woolgar, S. (Ed.). (1988). Knowledge and reflexivity: New frontiers in the sociology of knowledge. London, England: SAGE Publications.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Anthropology and ConservationThe University of KentCanterburyUK

Personalised recommendations