Skip to main content

State Lotteries in Europe: A Cross-National Comparison of How Lotteries Are Controlled, Operated and Benefit Government, Private Industry and Civil Society

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Gambling Policies in European Welfare States

Part of the book series: Work and Welfare in Europe ((RECOWE))

  • 575 Accesses


This chapter examines the broad range of options for how European countries have chosen to operate and regulate lotteries and which causes they direct the benefits to. The focus is directed at lotteries because this is the form of gambling where governments have taken the greatest degree of direct ownership and operation. Lotteries are also the most popular form of game. Particular emphasis is placed on countries with memberships in European Lotteries and the World Lottery Association umbrella organisations representing the interests of state-owned and private lotteries that operate on behalf of the state. Data were collected through online searches for lotteries in every country. Four commercial websites which have information about individual state lotteries and links to their commercial marketing sites were especially helpful.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

USD 16.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 109.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 109.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions


  • Adams, P. J. (2008). Gambling, freedom and democracy. New York and London: Taylor and Francis.

    Google Scholar 

  • Association of Charity Lotteries in the European Union. (2015). Association of charity lotteries in the European Union annual report 2015.

  • Association of Charity Lotteries in the European Union. (2017). Lithuania. Retrieved from ACLEU website.

  • Austrian Lotteries. (2016). Annual report Austrian lotteries 2016. This way to the future. Retrieved from

  • Beckert, J., & Lutter, M. (2013). Why the poor play the lottery: Sociological approaches to explaining class-based lottery play. Sociology, 47(6), 1152–1170.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • BIG Lottery Fund. (2017). BIG Lottery Fund 2015 to 2016 Annual report and accounts. London: BIG Lottery Fund.

    Google Scholar 

  • Blalock, G., Just, D. R., & Simon, D. H. (2007). Hitting the jackpot or hitting the skids: Entertainment, poverty, and the demand for state lotteries. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 66(3), 545–570.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Borrmann, J., Fichtinger, M., Grohall, G., Helmenstein, C., Kleissner, A., Kerschbaum, F., et al. (2015). The impact of lotteries as a funding source for European sport. Vienna: SportsEconAustria Institute of Sports Economics.

    Google Scholar 

  • Doward, J. (2016, August 6). Charities seek return of £425m lotto cash used for London Olympics. The Observer. Retrieved October 16, 2017, from

  • European Lotteries. (2011a). Contributing to social inclusion in the EU. European Lotteries. Lausanne, Switzerland. Retrieved from

  • European Lotteries. (2011b). Culture and heritage in the EU. Retrieved from

  • European Lotteries. (2013). Money from lotteries to society. European Lotteries Association. European Lotteries. Lausanne, Switzerland. Retrieved from

  • European Lotteries. (2015). Report on the lottery sector in Europe 2015. European Lotteries. Lausanne, Switzerland. Retrieved from

  • European Lotteries. (2017a). Report on the lottery sector in Europe 2016. European Lotteries. Lausanne, Switzerland. Retrieved from

  • European Lotteries. (2017b). Contributing to volunteering in the EU. Retrieved from

  • Gidluck, L. (2016). Funding policy and the provincial lottery: Sport, culture and recreation in Saskatchewan. In P. Elson (Ed.), Funding policies and the nonprofit sector in Western Canada: Evolving relationships in a changing environment (pp. 184–204). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Grote, K., & Matheson, V. (2011). The economics of lotteries: A survey of the literature. College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics (Faculty Research Series, Paper No. 11-09).

    Google Scholar 

  • Hadzi-Miceva-Evans, K. (2010). Lottery proceeds as a tool for support of good causes and civil society organisations: A fate or a planned concept. The International Journal of Not-for-Profit Law, 12, 71–79.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hesmondhalgh, D., Nisbett, M., Oakley, K., & Lee, D. (2015). Were new labour’s cultural policies neo-liberal? International Journal of Cultural Policy, 21(1), 97–114.

    Google Scholar 

  • International Centre for Not-for-Profit Law. (2003). Croatia enacts national foundation for civil society development. Washington, DC. Retrieved from ICNL website

  • Kingma, S. (2008). The liberalization and (re)regulation of Dutch gambling markets: National consequences of the changing European context. Regulation & Governance, 2(4), 445–458.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kingma, S., & van Lier, T. (2006). The leeway of lotteries in the European Union. An pilotstudy on the liberalisation of gambling markets in EU. Amsterdam: Dutch University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lafaille, J., Simonis, G., & Dunn, B. (2005). Dissected and re-assembled: An analysis of gambling. Coquitlam, BC: International Web Express Inc.

    Google Scholar 

  • Marionneau, V. (2015). Justifications of national gambling policies in France and Finland. Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 32(3), 295–309.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Meyer, G., Hayer, T., & Griffiths, M. (2009). Problem gambling: A European perspective. In Problem gambling in Europe: Challenges, prevention, and interventions (Vol. 3). New York: Springer.

    Google Scholar 

  • National Lottery Distribution Fund. (2016). National lottery distribution fund annual report and accounts for the year ended March 31, 2016. London: NLDF.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nikkinen, J. (2014). The global regulation of gambling (Working papers/Department of Sociology). Helsinki: Department of Social Research of the University of Helsinki.

    Google Scholar 

  • Novamedia. (2003, March 11). Novamedia gaming and lottery files. Retrieved from

  • Olason, D. T., & Gretarsson, S. J. (2009). Iceland. In G. Meyer, T. Hayer, & M. Griffiths (Eds.), Problem gambling in Europe (pp. 137–151). New York, NY: Springer.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Örnberg, J. C. (2006). Nordic gambling markets and the possibilities for state-level control. Journal of Gambling Issues, 18, 9–29.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Oster, E. (2004, June). Are all lotteries regressive? Evidence from the Powerball. National Tax Journal, 57(2), (Part 1), 179–187.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Paine, A. E., Taylor, R., & Alcock, P. (2012). ‘Wherever there is money there is influence’: Exploring BIG’s impact on the third sector. (TRC Working Paper 75). Birmingham: Third Sector Research Centre.

    Google Scholar 

  • Paldam, M. (2008). The political economy of regulating gambling. In. M. Viren (Ed), Gaming in the new market economy (pp. 184–208). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Papineau, E., Lemétayer, F., Barry, A. D., & Biron, J. F. (2015). Lottery marketing in Québec and social deprivation: Excessive exposure, insufficient protection? International Gambling Studies, 15(1), 88–107.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Productivity Commission. (1999). Australia’s gambling industries (Report No. 10, Inquiry Report, Part D). AusInfo, Canberra.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ratzenbock, V., Okulski, K., & Kopf, X. (2012). Cultural policy landscapes: A guide to eighteen central and South Eastern European counties. Vienna: ERSTE Foundation and österreichische kulturdokumentation. internationales archiv für kulturanalysen.

    Google Scholar 

  • Smith, G., & Rubenstein, D. (2011). Socially responsible and accountable gambling in the public interest. Journal of Gambling Issues, 25, 54–67.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Szczyrba, Z., Mravčík, V., Fiedor, D., Černý, J., & Smolová, I. (2015). Gambling in the Czech Republic. Addiction, 110(7), 1076–1081.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tetřevová, L., & Svědík, J. (2012). Gambling industry and corporate social responsibility–The Czech experience. WSEAS Transactions on Business and Economics, 2(9), 16–125.

    Google Scholar 

  • Thompson, W. N. (Ed.). (2010). The international encyclopedia of gambling (Vol. 1). Santa Barbara, Denver and Oxford: ABC Clio.

    Google Scholar 

  • Vidacak, I. (2010). Developing standards and mechanisms for public financing of NGOs in Croatia. International Journal of Not-for-Profit Law, 12, 62–70.

    Google Scholar 

  • Villeneuve, J. P. (2011). Gambling in Switzerland—Actors and structures. Gaming Law Review and Economics, 15(1–2), 27–37.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Visser, W. (2016). The world guide to sustainable enterprise. Volume 3: Europe. Sheffield, UK: Greenleaf.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Declaration of conflicts of interest

None to declare.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Lynn E. Gidluck .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2018 The Author(s)

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Gidluck, L.E. (2018). State Lotteries in Europe: A Cross-National Comparison of How Lotteries Are Controlled, Operated and Benefit Government, Private Industry and Civil Society. In: Egerer, M., Marionneau, V., Nikkinen, J. (eds) Gambling Policies in European Welfare States . Work and Welfare in Europe. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Palgrave Macmillan, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-90619-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-90620-1

  • eBook Packages: Social SciencesSocial Sciences (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics