Does Innovation Trigger the Internationalisation of Clusters?: The Case of Polish Boiler-Making Cluster

  • Barbara JankowskaEmail author
  • Marta Götz
Part of the Advances in Spatial Science book series (ADVSPATIAL)


The goal of the paper is first to synthesise the knowledge on clusters’ role in internationalisation processes and second to refer to innovation as a mediating variable in the internationalisation of clusters’ firms. We outline diverse channels of how clusters can foster foreign expansion, distinguishing the following types of internationalisation: passive inward-looking and active outward-looking, with direct top-down and indirect bottom-up support for the cluster as such and its members. The proposed classification may enrich the current research in this area and facilitate future studies, serving as some navigation tool and typology instrument. The case of Polish successful boiler-making cluster illustrates the consideration presented in this article. Particularly, it highlights the role of top-down, more formal activities stimulating innovation which is one of the cluster channels for promoting internationalisation.


Cluster Innovation Internationalisation Small and medium enterprise (SME) Poland 


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Copyright information

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of International CompetitivenessPoznan University of Economics and BusinessPoznańPoland
  2. 2.Vistula UniversityWarszawaPoland

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