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Peritoneal Dialysis in Critically Ill Children

  • Hui-Kim YapEmail author
  • Lourdes Paula R. Resontoc
Chapter

Abstract

Acute peritoneal dialysis (PD) as a form of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in critically ill newborns and children is becoming less popular owing to the availability of a more modern and advanced RRT modalities. However, it is still useful in a subset of patients with difficult vascular access, requiring small volumes, problems with bleeding, cardiovascular and hemodynamic instability. Its technical simplicity allows it to be operated at a lower cost, thus making it a modality of choice in areas lacking in resources and man power. Slow inefficient dialysis and unpredictable ultrafiltration have been overcome with the development of cyclers, flexible catheters with bigger lumen and side holes that allows for higher dialysate flow rate and PD prescriptions that employs high volume and more frequent exchanges.

Keywords

Infants Children Critically ill Acute peritoneal dialysis Renal replacement therapy Prescription 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PaediatricsYong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Division of Paediatric Nephrology, Dialysis and Renal TransplantationKhoo Teck Puat-National University Children’s Medical Institute, National University Health SystemSingaporeSingapore

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