• Evgenia Preka
  • Rukshana ShroffEmail author


Renal replacement therapy (RRT) in the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) has improved over the years, largely resulting from advances in technology. The modality of RRT used in the PICU depends on the clinical setting, dialysis access, availability of equipment, underlying disease and local expertise. Haemodialysis is one of the modalities of acute dialysis, and depending on the child’s illness it might be the modality of choice. The haemodialysis prescription should be tailored to individual needs. We present the principles, main indications, complications and practical approach to the management of a child on conventional haemodialysis or haemodiafiltration in the acute setting.


Haemodialysis Haemodiafiltration Dialysis prescription Vascular access Dialyzer Dialysate 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Great Ormond Street HospitalLondonUK

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