Advances in Coal Bottom Ash Use as a New Common Portland Cement Constituent

  • Cristina ArgizEmail author
  • Esperanza Menéndez
  • Amparo Moragues
Conference paper
Part of the RILEM Bookseries book series (RILEM, volume 17)


Cement new constituents can contribute to improve the sustainable of the construction materials and also, in many cases, enhance their durability. Coal bottom ash could be one of such new Portland cement constituents. Currently, they are dumped because are considered as wastes in some countries leading to generate an environmental problem. Therefore, in this paper, coal bottom ash used as a main constituent of Portland cements when it is mixed in an optimized proportion with fly ashes is studied. Mechanical and durable characteristics of standardized mortars made of mixes of coal combustion bottom and fly ashes are compared to mortars made of CEM I 42.5 N (EN 197-1:2011). Ash and cement mixes were designed in order to get similar compositions of CEM II/A-V, CEM II/B-V and CEM IV/A (V) cements according to the European standard EN 197-1:2011. Summing up, it can be said that bottom ash and fly ash mixes perform in the same way than common Portland cements made of fly ash.


Common Portland Cement Cement Constituents Reference Mortar Alkali-silica Reaction Mortar Compressive Strength 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The financial support of the Instituto Español del Cemento y sus Aplicaciones (IECA), under the Research Contract ‘Durable physico-chemical characterization of cement-based materials with industrial by-products’—AU 23-10 Contract, is gratefully acknowledged.


  1. 1.
    Sanjuán MA, Argiz C (2012) The new European standard on common cements specifications EN 197-1:2011. Mater Construcc 62:425–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    The World Commission on Environment and Development, Our Common Future, p 8Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Argiz C, Menéndez E, Sanjuán MA (2013) Effect of mixes made of coal bottom ash and fly ash on the mechanical strength and porosity of Portland cement. Mater Construcc 309:49–64Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Churcill VE, Amirkhanian SN (1999) Coal ash utilization in asphalt concrete mixtures. J Mater Civil Eng 11:295–297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Taylor HFW (1997) Cement chemistry, 2nd edn. Thomas Telford Publishing, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sánchez de Rojas MI, Frías M (1996) The pozzolanic activity of different materials, its influence on the hydration heat in mortars. Cement Concr Res 26:203–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Frías M, Sánchez de Rojas MI (2003) The effect of high curing temperature on the reaction kinetics in MK/lime and MK/cement matrices at 60°C. Cement Concr Res 33:643–649CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cheriaf M, Rocha JC, Pera J (1999) Pozzolanic properties of pulverized coal combustion bottom ash. Cement Concr Res 29:1387–1391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Argiz C, Menéndez E, Moragues A, Sanjuán MA (2014) Recent advances in coal bottom ash use as a new common Portland cement constituent. Struct Eng Int 4(2014):503–508CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Menéndez E, Álvaro M, Argiz C, Parra JL, Moragues A (2013) Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Cerámica y Vidrio 52(6):296–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Argiz C (2014) Study on coal-fired power plants bottom ash use as a Portland cement constituent. Comparative analysis regard to fly ash. PhD. ThesisGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Argiz C, Menéndez E, Moragues A, Sanjuán MA (2015) Fly ash characteristics of Spanish coal-fired power plants. Afinidad 72:572Google Scholar

Copyright information

© RILEM 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristina Argiz
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Esperanza Menéndez
    • 1
  • Amparo Moragues
    • 2
  1. 1.Instituto de Ciencias de la Construcción Eduardo Torroja (CSIC)MadridSpain
  2. 2.E.T.S. Ingenieros de Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Ciudad UniversitariaMadridSpain

Personalised recommendations