Welfare Reforms, Child Welfare NGOs, and Accountability

  • Jude Howell
  • Xiaoyuan Shang
  • Karen R. Fisher


Chapter three discusses the background of welfare reforms and NGO development in China. It hones in on the particular accountability issues facing NGOs in China, drawing attention to some of the key institutional and political constraints. This provides the context for a more detailed look at the particular situation of child welfare NGOs. We sketch the development of policies, laws and regulations governing child welfare NGOs, underlining some of the particular challenges in this field, providing contextual background to the subsequent case-study chapters.


Welfare Child welfare NGOs Accountability Laws Regulations 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jude Howell
    • 1
  • Xiaoyuan Shang
    • 2
  • Karen R. Fisher
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of International DevelopmentLondon School of Economics and Political ScienceLondonUK
  2. 2.Social Policy Research CentreUniversity of New South WalesSydneyAustralia
  3. 3.Social Policy Research CentreUniversity of New South WalesSydneyAustralia

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