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The Administrative System in Bangladesh: Reform Initiatives with Failed Outcomes

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Civil Service Management and Administrative Systems in South Asia

Abstract

The main objective of this paper is to provide an overview of the administrative structure of Bangladesh, highlighting the history of key administrative-reform attempts, New Public Management (NPM), and major trends in the country’s system of administration. Based on a review of secondary material, the findings of this paper suggest that several reform initiatives have been adopted by successive governments to streamline the administrative system, but that regrettably, most of them have not been implemented. Most importantly, reforms targeting the installation of different principles of NPM in the administrative system have not been successful. Due to these failures, Bangladesh’s administrative system still displays a high degree of politicization, bureaucratic dominance, incapacity—institutionally, technically, administratively—a chaotic political situation, and deteriorating law and order. NPM reforms are a dire necessity, for they could help the country overcome these features of poor governance. To implement NPM reforms, strong political leadership is required—one capable of building a solid institutional framework, sound rule of law, a proper control structure, and an effective civil service system. Otherwise, the ineffective administrative system could continue to hinder the process of overall development in the country.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Retrieved from http://www.bpsc.gov.bd/site/page/4bc95017-18d6-412b-8c4f-76d3e1599d8e/%E0%A6%AC%E0%A6%BF%E0%A6%B8%E0%A6%BF%E0%A6%8F%E0%A6%B8-%E0%A6%AA%E0%A6%B0%E0%A7%80%E0%A6%95%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%B7%E0%A6%BE, on 18 August 2017.

  2. 2.

    The eleven city corporations are Dhaka North, Dhaka South, Chittagong, Rajshahi, Khulna, Barisal, Sylhet, Comilla, Narayanganj, Gazipur, and Rangpur.

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Appendix 1

Appendix 1

See Table 10.3.

Table 10.3 Commissions and committees formed by the government of Bangladesh

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Panday, P.K. (2019). The Administrative System in Bangladesh: Reform Initiatives with Failed Outcomes. In: Jamil, I., Dhakal, T., Paudel, N. (eds) Civil Service Management and Administrative Systems in South Asia. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90191-6_10

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