Magnetic Field and Energy Errors

  • Gennady StupakovEmail author
  • Gregory Penn
Part of the Graduate Texts in Physics book series (GTP)


Due to small magnetic field errors the magnetic field in any real machine differs from the ideal linear lattice studied in the previous chapters. Also, the particle energy in the beam deviates from the reference energy for which the ideal closed orbit is designed. It is important to understand what new effects the non-ideal magnetic fields introduce to the particle motion. In this chapter, we study how the dipole and quadrupole field errors as well as small energy deviations affect the orbits.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SLAC National Accelerator LaboratoryStanford UniversityMenlo ParkUSA
  2. 2.Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeleyUSA

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