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Metallomics pp 67-100 | Cite as

Metallomics Study in Plants Exposed to Arsenic, Mercury, Selenium and Sulphur

  • Jörg Feldmann
  • Katharina Bluemlein
  • Eva Maria Krupp
  • Martin Mueller
  • Barry Alan Wood
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1055)

Abstract

This chapter is focussing on the interaction of arsenic, mercury and selenium with plans. Aspects of biotransformations are discussed, before the analytical methodologies are listed and critically appraised in the second part. A holistic view is given, starting from the soil environment and continuing to the plant roots and the translocations into the upper part of the plants. Under different soil conditions, different kinds of elemental species are identified, which have an impact on how the elemental species are taken up by the plant. The uptake mechanisms of these elemental species are explained and compared before the biotransformation reactions of all elemental species in the plant root; their transport into the vacuoles and translocation to the leaves and grains are discussed. Here in particular the interaction with sulphur-rich phytochelatins is described for all three elemental species. Since the sulphur chemistry is so important for the uptake, bioaccumulation and translocation of the metals and metalloids, a subchapter about sulphur chemistry in plants has been added. All aspects of biotransformation dealt with in this chapter is finally rounded up by a thorough description of the analytical methodology given with a focus on the use of HPLC-ICPMS/ESI-MS for both quantitative and molecular analysis.

Keywords

Arsenic Phytochelatins Mercury Selenium Sulphur ICP-MS ESI-MS Hyphenated techniques HPLC-ICPMS/ESI-MS 

Abbreviations

As(III)

Arsenite

As(V)

Arsenate

DMA(V)

Dimethylarsinic acid

ESI-MS

Electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry

GSH

Glutathione

HPLC

High performance liquid chromatography

ICPMS

Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

MeHg

Methylmercury

MMA(III)

Monomethylarsonious acid

MMA(V)

Monomethylarsonic acid

PC

Phytochelatins

Se(IV)

Selenite

Se(VI)

Selenate

Seo

Elemental selenium

TETRA

Tetramethylarsonium

TMA

Trimethylarsine

TMAO

Trimethylarsine oxide

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors and especially M.M. thank the TESLA research fund for financial support.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jörg Feldmann
    • 1
  • Katharina Bluemlein
    • 2
  • Eva Maria Krupp
    • 1
  • Martin Mueller
    • 1
  • Barry Alan Wood
    • 3
  1. 1.TESLA (Trace Element Speciation Laboratory), Department of ChemistryUniversity of AberdeenScotlandUK
  2. 2.Fraunhofer Institute for Toxicology and Experimental MedicineHannoverGermany
  3. 3.Reading Scientific Services Ltd, The Reading Science CentreReadingUK

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