Outbreak Control in the Nursery

  • Joseph B. CanteyEmail author


A neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) outbreak is identified by an acutely increased amount of disease activity, usually either a cluster of distinct infections or an increase in colonization rates during active surveillance. Common risk factors include NICUs with overcrowding, understaffing, or decreased compliance with standard precautions including hand hygiene. Acute changes, such as construction or contamination of equipment, are also common causes of outbreaks. Preterm infants are at higher risk due to their immature immune systems and prolonged NICU stays, but any infant can be affected. Control measures are multifaceted and should occur in parallel. Outbreak prevention requires extending control measures out indefinitely and maintaining high compliance with NICU policy.


Hand hygiene Infant Multidrug-resistant organism Outbreak Surveillance 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Divisions of Neonatal/Perinatal Medicine and Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Department of PediatricsUniversity of Texas Health Science Center San AntonioSan AntonioUSA

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