Historical Influences on Zimbabwean Economic Integration in Britain, 1990s–2000s

  • Christopher Roy Zembe


Examining education and employment as economic integration indicators also facilitated the identification of historical experiences that were were influential in determining the economic integration patterns of each Zimbabwean community. The chapter’s examination of education and employment as integration indicators established how the economic activities of first and older Zimbabwean Diasporas in Britain were a consequence of imported historical experiences unique to each racial community. The diversity of economic integration processes between the different racial groups show how pre-emigration experiences developed and nurtured in either the colonial or post-colonial phases of Zimbabwe’s history necessitated the need to acknowledge the impact of multiple paradigms of historical socialisation on the diaspora economic activities of Zimbabweans. The chapter will also not seek to romanticise Zimbabweans’ entrepreneurialism in Britain by not only exploring the failure to establish a business identity, but also the ethnic and racial diversity of their businesses.



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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of HumanitiesDe Montfort UniversityLeicesterUK

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