Educating Students and Their Future Employers to Minimise Environmental and Climate Impacts Through Cost-Effective Environmental Management Strategies
- 419 Downloads
Traditionally, internal views from UK businesses expect the maximisation of profits and delivery of value for the customer; the external view expects realistic profits and provision of employment. However, this view is changing, with customers increasingly demanding products and services that also demonstrate environmental responsibility and minimise climate impacts. Although the cause–effect relationship between business operations, negative environmental impacts and climate change is well established, there is now an enhanced appreciation that environmental challenges are systemic, interlinked and cannot be addressed in isolation. Despite the proliferation of ‘low-cost’ or ‘no-cost’ technological and behavioural opportunities, businesses struggle to realise opportunities that address these interlinked challenges, demonstrate environmental responsibility and minimise climate impacts, as they are embedded in economic systems in which improvement equals investment. Environmental improvement interventions have become synonymous with cost consumption rather than cost saving—frequently at odds with corporate financial strategies. In an attempt to change this view, support the mitigation of climate change through the reduction in environmental impacts and develop successful employment-ready graduates skilled in effective environmental improvement techniques, an innovative Environmental Strategy Module engaging postgraduate students in environmental management strategy design is taught at Coventry University. This offers students a more financially accessible approach to environmental improvement: a self-funding environmental management strategy created through the Environmental Value for Money Framework. This paper presents a conceptual study of the Environmental Value for Money Framework and its engagement of students as future employees in creating self-funded, economically viable environmental management strategies. It also offers this framework as a mechanism to encourage businesses to engage in carefully planned and economically viable strategic environmental improvements.
KeywordsEnvironmental management strategy Environmental responsibility Environmental impacts Environmental Value for Money Framework
- Anonymous. (2017). Fork lift truck hire. http://www.bendigomitchell.com/forklifts-for-hire/. Last Accessed September 19, 2017.
- Burgess, J. (2006). Blogging to learn, learning to blog. In A. Bruns & J. Jacobs (Eds.), Use of blogs (pp. 91–103). New York: Peter Lang Publishers.Google Scholar
- Carbon Trust. (2011). Heating control: Maximising comfort, minimising energy consumption. https://www.carbontrust.com/media/10361/ctg065_heating_control.pdf. Last Accessed September 14, 2017.
- Carbon Trust. (2015). Guidance Note 10: Lighting—Energy technology list. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/474456/Lighting_Guidance_Note_November_2015.pdf. Last Accessed September 14, 2017.
- Cashian, P., Clarke, J., & Richardson, M. (2015) Perspectives on: Employability. Is it time to move the employability debate on? Chartered Association of Business Schools: https://charteredabs.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/Employability-Debate1.pdf. Last Accessed September 13, 2017.
- Chan, Y., & Kantamaneni, R. (2015). Study on energy efficiency and energy saving potential in industry and on possible policy mechanisms. Brussels: ICF International.Google Scholar
- Conole, G., & Alevizou, P. (2010). A literature review of the use of Web 2.0 tools in higher education. York: Higher Education Academy. http://www.heacademy.ac.uk/.
- DEFRA. (2011). The economics of waste and waste policy. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/69500/pb13548-economic-principles-wr110613.pdf. Last Accessed September 19, 2017.
- Dewey, J. (1916). Democracy and education: An introduction to the philosophy of education. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Drayson, R. (2014). Employer attitudes towards, and skills for, sustainable development higher education academy. https://www.heacademy.ac.uk/system/files/executive-summary-employers.pdf. Last Accessed September 14, 2017.
- Ellison, N., & Wu, Y. (2008). Blogging in the classroom: A preliminary exploration of student attitudes and impact on comprehension. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 17(1), 99–122.Google Scholar
- Envirowise. (2016). Reduce your water use and collect the savings. http://www.wrap.org.uk/sites/files/wrap/EN847_final.pdf. Last Accessed September 18, 2017.
- European Environment Agency. (2015). The European environment—State and outlook 2015. https://www.eea.europa.eu/soer. Last accessed October 28, 2017.
- Fothergill, J., Smith, D., & Payne, R. (2017). Driving sustainable resource management through ISO 14001. https://www.iema.net. Last Accessed September 15, 2017.
- Gov.uk. (2017). Waste costs. https://www.gov.uk/green-taxes-and-reliefs/landfill-tax. Last Accessed September 18, 2017.
- Gynther, L., Mustonen, S., & Saarivirta, E. (2016). Policies and measures for promoting efficient electric motors in industry. https://wec-policies.enerdata.net/Documents/cases-studies/WEC-case-study-Electric-motor.pdf. Last Accessed September 19, 2017.
- Higher Education Academy. (2016). Higher education academy frame WORKS, 04 Essential frameworks for enhancing student success. http://www.heacademy.ac.uk/transform. Last Accessed September 16, 2017.
- HEFCE. (2013). Sustainable development in higher education: Consultation on a framework for HEFCE. Higher Education Funding Council for England. http://www.hefce.ac.uk. Last Accessed September 16, 2017.
- Hillary, R., & Burr, P. (2011). Evidence-based Study into the Benefits of EMSs for SMEs. http://www.randd.defra.gov.uk/Document.aspx?Document=FINALEV0440report.pdf. Last Accessed September 19, 2017.
- IEMA. (2014). Preparing for the perfect storm. https://www.iema.net/. Last Accessed September 15, 2017.
- Lambrechts, W., & Ceulemans, K. (2013). Sustainability assessment in higher education. Evaluating the use of the auditing instrument for sustainability in higher education (AISHE) in Belgium. In S. Caeiro, W. Leal Filho, C. Jabbour, & U. Azeiteiro (Eds.), Sustainability assessment tools in higher education institutions. Mapping trends and good practice around the world. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.Google Scholar
- Large, C. (2012). ISO14001: Loved by procurement, hated by SMEs. https://www.theguardian.com. Last Accessed September 15, 2017.
- Laurinkari, J., & Tarvainen, M. (2017). The policies of inclusion. London: EHV Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Moalosi, R., Molokwane, S., & Mothibedi, G. (2012). Using a design-orientated project to attain graduate attributes. Design and Technology Education, 17(1), 30–43.Google Scholar
- Northern Ireland Environment Agency. (2017). Combined heat and power (CHP) benefits and opportunities for business. http://www.netregs.org.uk/environmental-topics/carbon-reduction-and-efficiency/combined-heat-and-power-chp-benefits-and-opportunities-for-business/. Last Accessed September 15, 2017.
- Oblinger, D., & Oblinger, J. (2005) Educating the net generation. https://www.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/pub7101.pdf. Last Accessed September 15, 2017.
- Pegg, A., Waldock, J., Hendy-Isaac, S., & Lawton, R. (2012). Pedagogy for employability. https://www.heacademy.ac.uk/system/files/pedagogy_for_employability_update_2012.pdf. Last Accessed September 15, 2017.
- Renewable Energy Hub. (2017). Micro combined heat and power microchip CHP information. https://www.renewableenergyhub.co.uk/. Last Accessed September 19, 2017.
- Studer, S., Tsang, S., Welford, R., & Hills, P. (2008). SMEs and voluntary environmental initiatives: A study of stakeholders’ perspectives in Hong Kong. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 51(2), 285–301.Google Scholar
- UNESCO. (2017). Education for sustainable development goals learning objectives. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0024/002474/247444e.pdf. Last Accessed September 22, 2017.
- United Nations. (2017). Sustainable development knowledge platform: Sustainable development goals. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdgs. Last Accessed September 22, 2017.