Metaphor in Cognition, Poetry and Science

  • John G. Fitch
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Literature, Science and Medicine book series (PLSM)


This chapter draws on Mark Johnson’s demonstration that all understanding, even the most complex and systematic, is irreducibly metaphorical and shaped by our human bodily experience. From this viewpoint, the metaphors in which poetry abounds do not represent a wild or unruly element, but rather an intensification of a basic means of understanding, as Lakoff and Turner have argued. In science, metaphors are powerful tools which both shape and constrain understanding, as has been shown particularly by Theodore L. Brown.


Metaphor Mark Johnson Cognition Theodore L. Brown 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of VictoriaVictoriaCanada

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