Colitis pp 31-36 | Cite as

Normal Endoscopic Appearance of the Colon and the Terminal Ileum



Ileocoloscopy is the mainstay examination for the evaluation of the distal gastrointestinal tract. It allows endoscopic inspection of the mucosa of the terminal ileum and the entire colon. Moreover, endoscopic biopsy sampling provides mucosal tissue for histopathological examination. In this chapter the normal endoscopic appearance of the colon and the terminal ileum is described. Knowledge of the endoscopic mucosal aspect may help the pathologist for the histopathological interpretation of mucosal biopsies.


Ileocoloscopy Endoscopy Endoscopic aspect Colon Ileum 


  1. 1.
    Jechart G. General information regarding examination. In: Messmann H, editor. Atlas of colonoscopy. New York: Thieme; 2006. p. 2–6.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rex DK, Schoenfeld PS, Cohen J, et al. Quality indicators for colonoscopy. Gastrointest Endosc. 2015;81:31–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rembacken B, Hassan C, Riemann JF, et al. Quality in screening colonoscopy: position statement of the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE). Endoscopy. 2012;44:957–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rey JF, Lambert R, ESGE Quality Assurance Committee. ESGE recommendations for quality control in gastrointestinal endoscopy: guidelines for image documentation in upper and lower GI endoscopy. Endoscopy. 2001;33:901–3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GastroenterologyCliniques Universitaires St Luc, UCLBrusselsBelgium

Personalised recommendations