Quercus Ilex L.
Holm oak (Quercus ilex L.) is the predominant tree species in many natural communities of the West Mediterranean. The dominant structure in the natural areas of this species is as wooded meadows, and its main economic importance is the agroforestry system. This structure is well known in Mediterranean countries and receives specific names, such as “dehesa” in Spanish, “montado” in Portuguese, etc. This agroforestry system is oriented to livestock production (mainly beef and Iberian pork) and hunting. Holm oak trees provide acorns as quality food for livestock and game, and sometimes for symbiotic cultures of truffle, which are becoming of high economic importance. Nevertheless, basic research on this species has been scarce.
Work partially supported by projects (AGL2014-52028-R and AGL2017-82447-R) funded by Spanish MINECO and European ERDF/FEDER.
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