Toward Reasonable Experimental Inquiry

  • Jan Lauwereyns


Here I construct an integrative view with clear and realistic proposals for the policymaking with respect to the use of animals in research. Replacement comes first, as an inherently ethical principle. Where Replacement is not possible, the use of animals should be carefully managed on the basis of collective decision-making at the level of research communities and funding agencies, not at the level of individual researchers. This proposal addresses opportunity costs via a macroscopic approach to managing research. Collective decision-making enables communities to ensure that we invest our time, money, and effort in the most optimal way. Detailed suggestions are made on how to organize the macroscopic approach, compatible with the extant research communities and thinking with the concepts of open science and big science.


Animal ethics Opportunity cost Collective decision-making Open science Big science 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

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