Intellectual Capital and Innovation for Sustainable Smart Cities: The Case of N-Tuple of Helices

  • Florinda MatosEmail author
  • Valter Vairinhos
  • Susanne Durst
  • Renata Paola Dameri


The purpose of this chapter is to explore and discuss, in the context of Smart Cities (SC), the relations between three concepts: Intellectual Capital (IC), Innovation Process (IP) and Sustainability (S). It is important to note that, in this context, the concept of IC refers to Smart Cities Intellectual Capital (SCIC), which is characterised by four components (Human Capital, Process Capital, Renewal Capital, Clients Capital), also used for Nations IC. The Innovation analysis considers two models: the first one expresses the dependencies and limits of innovation, resulting from physical limitations such as city area and city population; and the second one is the N-Tuple of Helices model. The concept of Smart City will be modelled as a living being capable of rational behaviour, knowledge production, and intellectual activity.


Intellectual Capital Innovation Smart City Sustainability 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Florinda Matos
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Valter Vairinhos
    • 1
    • 3
  • Susanne Durst
    • 4
  • Renata Paola Dameri
    • 5
  1. 1.ICLab, ICAA—Intellectual Capital AssociationSantarémPortugal
  2. 2.DINÂMIA’CET-IUL—ISCTE-IULLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.CINAV—Naval Research Centre Escola NavalAlmadaPortugal
  4. 4.School of BusinessUniversity of SkövdeSkövdeSweden
  5. 5.Department of Economics and Business StudiesUniversity of GenovaGenovaItaly

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