Earth and Extra-Terrestrial Sustainable Development: The Challenges of Post-2030 Earth and Space Regime
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were designed to build on the success of the fifteen-year experimentation with Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The focus of these development goals has been on Earth-based sustainable development—tackling issues that deal with sustainability only on Earth. However, in the post-2030s at the end of the present SDGs, it is envisaged that humans would have moved far beyond low Earth orbit. By then it is expected that public and private space entities would have extended human presence further into the solar system, possibly on the Moon, near Earth asteroids and Mars for exploration and exploitation of resources with the prospect of making humans a multi-planetary species. When this happens the goals contained in the present SDGs would no longer be adequate and would require some levels of adjustment to accommodate these developments. This document discusses the implication of the post-2030 Earth and extra-terrestrial regimes as well as the role of sustainability at the end of the present SDGs, it also highlights areas where these changes could be effected.