Orbit Determination

  • James Miller
Part of the Space Technology Library book series (SPTL, volume 37)


Determination of the orbit of a spacecraft and all the constant and dynamic parameters that affect the orbit is an application of estimation theory. A model of the spacecraft motion as a function of initial conditions and certain constant and dynamic parameters is developed that may be used to predict the flight path and compute the value of measurements that are obtained during the space flight. Orbit determination involves adjusting the value of the independent parameters that need to be determined until the computed measurements are close to the actual measurements. Since there are many more measurements than independent parameters, the solution is found that minimizes the error in the measurements. This solution will also minimize the error in the estimated parameters.


Orbit Determination Program Square Root Information Filter (SRIF) Root Coverage Process Noise Term Spacecraft Orbit Plane 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Miller
    • 1
  1. 1.Porter RanchUSA

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