Optimal Seismic Design of 3D Steel Frames
Steel buildings are preferred in residential as well as commercial buildings because of being super-quick to build at site, as a great deal of work can be prefabricated at the factory. Moreover, these structures are flexible, which makes them quite suitable structures for resisting dynamic forces such as earthquake loads. Design of frame structures necessitates the selection of steel sections for its columns and beams from a standard steel section tables such that the frame satisfies the serviceability and strength requirements specified by the code of practice while the economy is taken into account in the overall or material cost of the frame. The contribution of this chapter is concerned with optimization of steel frames under seismic loads based on response spectral. Frame members are selected from available set of steel sections for producing practically acceptable designs according to Load and Resistance Factor Design-American Institute of Steel Construction (LRFD-AISC) specification. Three irregular steel frame problems are considered to evaluate the performance of the CBO, ECBO, VPS and MDVC-UVPS algorithms.
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