Conclusion: Ordinary Celebrations in a “Pluralistic Situation”

  • Helena Chmielewska-Szlajfer


The final chapter offers a summary of the three cases: Licheń sanctuary, Woodstock Station, pro-voting campaigns and local online watchdogs. The perspective of ordinary celebrations makes it possible to notice the complexity of these spaces, and to explore people’s practices as part of broader contexts. The analysis of the sites helps to articulate some key narratives active in Polish society today. Those offered by Church hierarchs, conservative politicians, and the media are grounded in the fear of the outside world, pictured as a threat to the unity of the Polish community. Other interpretations are built upon the desire to embrace the possibilities coming from the outside world. Both these viewpoints highlight how the “pluralistic situation” is inevitably present in Polish society. The larger world and the repertoire of choices it offers have become the fundamental context for interpretations of post-1989 democratic Polish society and for reshaping its own social imaginary.


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helena Chmielewska-Szlajfer
    • 1
  1. 1.Koźmiński UniversityWarsawPoland

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