Parents’ Employment Trajectories: Two Worlds of Work-Care Experiences

  • Borbála Kovács


In further documenting the systematic income- and qualification-based differences between two-earner, higher-income families and their single-earner and jobless, low-income peers, this chapter hones in on parents’ post-partum employment transitions and long-term employment trajectories. The chapter starts with a concise overview of Romanian labour market conditions and employment trends, outlining different forms of labour precariousness, including long working hours and underdeclared and undeclared labour market participation. The discussion then moves on to present in detail leave-taking decisions and post-partum employment transitions, revealing qualification-based differences in post-partum employment among mothers especially. The third section hones in on long-term inactive families’ employment prospects, showing how early motherhood in the context of low educational attainment and social exclusion lead not only to long-term inactivity, but also severe poverty, financial dependency and gendered subordination. The chapter concludes by reflecting on the crucial relevance of job quality and local labour market conditions in shaping working and non-working parents’ post-partum employment trajectories.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aarhus UniversityAarhusDenmark

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