Childcare Arrangements for Babies and Toddlers

Chapter

Abstract

In focus are routine care arrangements for children under age two. Following a detailed account of the care ideals and of the hierarchy of care ideals informing childcare decisions for children younger than two, the chapter provides a theoretically coherent and empirically grounded formulation of ‘routine care arrangements’, defining these as full-day combinations of successive care episodes defined in terms of who the carer is, where (s)he cares for the child and for how long. Six different routine childcare arrangements are presented, the chapter also expanding on the rationales for which these arrangements were said to be made. The chapter concludes with linking findings to empirical work on early years childcare in other national contexts.

References

  1. Arber, S., & Timonen, V. (2012). Contemporary grandparenting: Changing family relationships in global contexts. Bristol: Policy Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baldock, J., & Hadlow, J. (2004). Managing the family: Productivity, scheduling and the male veto. Social Policy & Administration, 38, 706–720.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9515.2004.00414.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Crompton, R., Dennett, J., & Wigfield, A. (2003). Organisations, careers and caring (Family & work series). Bristol: Policy Press for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation.Google Scholar
  4. Ehrenreich, B., & Hochschild, A. R. (2003). Global woman: Nannies, maids and sex workers in the new economy. London: Granta.Google Scholar
  5. Finch, J., & Mason, J. (1993). Negotiating family responsibilities. London and New York: Tavistock and Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fingerman, K. L. (2004). The role of offspring and in-laws in grandparents’ ties to their grandchildren. Journal of Family Issues, 25, 1026–1049.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513X04265941.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Forsberg, L. (2009). Managing time and childcare in dual-earner families; Unforeseen consequences of household strategies. Acta Sociologica, 52, 162–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Haney, L. A. (1999). “But we are still mothers”: Gender, the state, and the construction of need in postsocialist hungary. In M. Burawoy & K. Verdery (Eds.), Uncertain transition: Ethnographies of change in the postsocialist world (pp. 151–187). Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  9. Heymann, J. (2006). Forgotten families: Ending the growing crisis confronting children and working parents in the global economy. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hochschild, A. R. (1997). The time bind: When work becomes home and home becomes work. New York: Metropolitan Books.Google Scholar
  11. Johnson, C. L. (1985). Grandparenting options in divorcing families: An anthropological perspective. In Sage Focus (Ed.), Grandparenthood (Vol. 74). Beverly Hills: Sage.Google Scholar
  12. Kovács, B. (2015a). “The totality of caring”: Conceptualising childcare arrangements for empirical research. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 35, 699–719.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kovács, B. (2015b). Romanian families: Changes and continuities over recent decades. In Z. Rajkai (Ed.), Family and social change in socialist and postsocialist societies (pp. 250–299). Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  14. Kremer, M. (2007). How welfare states care: Culture, gender and parenting in Europe. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. La Valle, I. (2002). Happy families?: Atypical work and its influence on family life. Bristol: Policy Press.Google Scholar
  16. Larsen, T. P. (2004). Work and care strategies of European families: Similarities or national differences? Social Policy & Administration, 38, 654–677.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9515.2004.00412.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Leira, A., & Saraceno, C. (2002). Care: Actors, relationships and contexts. In B. Hobson, J. Lewis, & B. Siim (Eds.), Contested concepts in gender and social politics (pp. 55–83). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  18. Lewis, J. (2006). Introduction: Childcare in the context of changing families and welfare states. In J. Lewis (Ed.), Children, changing families and welfare states (pp. 1–24). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lewis, J., & Giullari, S. (2005). The adult worker model family, gender equality and care: The search for new policy principles and the possibilities and problems of a capabilities approach. Economy and Society, 34, 76–104.  https://doi.org/10.1080/0308514042000329342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Marczis, M. (2012). Participatory assessment of the social situation of the Pata-Rât and Cantonului Area, Cluj-Napoca (Research report). UNDP.Google Scholar
  21. McKie, L., Gregory, S., & Bowlby, S. (2002). Shadow times: The temporal and spatial frameworks and experiences of caring and working. Sociology, 36, 897–924.  https://doi.org/10.1177/003803850203600406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Morrissey, T. W. (2009). Multiple child-care arrangements and young children’s behavioral outcomes. Child Development, 80, 59–76.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2008.01246.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Skinner, C. (2005). Coordination points: A hidden factor in reconciling work and family life. Journal of Social Policy, 34, 99–119.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047279404008281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Stefansen, K., & Farstad, G. R. (2010). Classed parental practices in a modern welfare state: Caring for the under threes in Norway. Critical Social Policy, 30, 120–141.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0261018309350811.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wall, K., & São José, J. (2004). Managing work and care: A difficult challenge for immigrant families. Social Policy & Administration, 38, 591–621.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9515.2004.00409.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wheelock, J., Oughton, E., & Baines, S. (2003). Getting by with a little help from your family: Toward a policy-relevant model of the household. Feminist Economics, 9, 19–45.  https://doi.org/10.1080/1354570032000057053.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aarhus UniversityAarhusDenmark

Personalised recommendations