The Military Contract Service Model of the Portuguese Armed Forces. Critical Review and Intervention Measures

  • Lúcio Agostinho Barreiros Santos
  • Maria Manuela Martins Saraiva Sarmento Coelho
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 94)


This article relies on documentary and empirical data to carry out a critical analysis of the military contract model of the Portuguese Armed Forces and the incentive scheme that supports them. Theoretical and practical shortcomings, as well as measures to mitigate its negative effects are identified when analyzing the dimensions – recruitment, retention, and reintegration – and how they affect the citizens who enlist on a temporary basis. This research intersects three perspectives of analysis: macro-level (external context), meso-level (organizational context), and micro-level (individual perspective). The study used a qualitative research strategy (Bryman, 2012; Creswell, 2013) and a case study research design (Yin, 2014). The results show that there are shortcomings in the military’s ability to recruit and retain contract military personnel, which indicates that the model should be revised and the incentive scheme that supports it should be updated.


Contract service model Incentive scheme Recruitment Retention Reintegration 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lúcio Agostinho Barreiros Santos
    • 1
  • Maria Manuela Martins Saraiva Sarmento Coelho
    • 2
  1. 1.IUM Research and Development Center (CIDIUM)Military University Institute (IUM)LisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Research and Development Center of the Military Academy (CINAMIL)Military Academy (AM)LisbonPortugal

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