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Isotope Fractionation Processes of Selected Elements

  • Jochen Hoefs
Chapter
Part of the Springer Textbooks in Earth Sciences, Geography and Environment book series (STEGE)

Abstract

The foundations of stable isotope geochemistry were laid in 1947 by Urey’s classic paper on the thermodynamic properties of isotopic substances and by Nier’s development of the isotope ratio mass spectrometer (IRMS).

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