• Olga VelikanovaEmail author


I summarize what the constitution and related discussion tell us about politics and society. Discussion of the constitution failed in its major goal—to consolidate society around socialist values. In citizens’ comments, we find diverse values—liberal, democratic, and conciliatory discourse coexisting with revolutionary, confrontational, and intolerant views of the world, with elements of a traditionalist outlook. Despite strong authoritarian and traditional dispositions in popular opinion, elements of civic culture speak in favor of much greater flexibility of political culture, which may evolve under the pressure of modernizing circumstances—social mobility, mass education, mass communication, and urbanization.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of HistoryUniversity of North TexasDentonUSA

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