Steel-Fiber Self-Consolidating Rubberized Concrete Subjected to Impact Loading

  • Mohamed K. Ismail
  • Assem A. A. Hassan
  • Katherine E. Ridgley
  • Bruce Colbourne
Conference paper


This investigation was carried out to evaluate the combined effect of crumb rubber (CR) and steel fibers (SFs) on improving the impact resistance of self-consolidating concrete (SCC) mixtures. Seven SCC mixtures were developed with varied percentages of CR (0–15% by volume of sand) and SF’s volume of 0.35%. The performance of the developed mixtures was evaluated by testing the fresh properties, compressive strength, splitting tensile strength (STS), flexural strength (FS), and impact loading (drop weight on cylindrical and beam specimens). The results indicated that inclusion of CR decreased the compressive strength, STS, and FS of the tested mixtures, while the impact resistance obviously increased. Reinforcing CR mixtures with 0.35% SFs could compensate the reduction in the tensile strength resulting from adding rubber and further increase the resistance of mixtures to impact loading, achieving mixtures with promising properties for multiple structural applications.


  1. 1.
    Al-Tayeb, M. M., Abu Bakar, B. H., Ismail, H., & Akil, H. M. (2012). Impact resistance of concrete with partial replacements of sand and cement by waste rubber. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, 51(12), 1230–1236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gupta, T., Sharma, R. K., & Chaudhary, S. (2015). Impact resistance of concrete containing waste rubber fiber and silica fume. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 83, 76–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Reda Taha, M. M., El-Dieb, A. S., Abd El-Wahab, M. A., & Abdel-Hameed, M. E. (2008). Mechanical, fracture, and microstructural investigations of rubber concrete. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 20(10), 640–649.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ismail, M. K., & Hassan, A. A. A. (2017). Impact resistance and acoustic absorption capacity of self-consolidating rubberized concrete. ACI Materials Journal, 113(6), 725–736.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ismail, M. K., & Hassan, A. A. A. (2016). Use of metakaolin on enhancing the mechanical properties of self-consolidating concrete containing high percentages of crumb rubber. Journal of Cleaner Production, 125, 282–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Abdelaleem, B. H., Ismail, M. K., & Hassan, A. A. A. (2017). Properties of self-consolidating rubberised concrete reinforced with synthetic fibres. Magazine of Concrete Research, 69(10), 526–540.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Song, P. S., & Hwang, S. (2004). Mechanical properties of high strength steel fiber reinforced concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 18(9), 669–673.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Olivito, R. S., & Zuccarello, F. A. (2010). An experimental study on the tensile strength of steel fiber reinforced concrete. Composites Part B: Engineering, 41(3), 246–255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Nia, A., Hedayatian, M., Nili, M., & Sabet, V. F. (2012). An experimental and numerical study on how steel and polypropylene fibers affect the impact resistance in fiber-reinforced concrete. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 46, 62–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Khaloo, A., Raisi, E. M., Hosseini, P., & Tahsiri, H. (2014). Mechanical performance of self-compacting concrete reinforced with steel fibers. Construction and Building Materials, 51, 179–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ismail, M. K., & Hassan, A. A. A. (2015). Influence of mixture composition and type of cementitious materials on enhancing the fresh properties and stability of self-consolidating rubberized concrete. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 28(1), 1–12.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Topçu, I. B., & Bilir, T. (2009). Experimental investigation of some fresh and hardened properties of rubberized self-compacting concrete. Materials and Design, 30(8), 3056–3065.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ismail, M. K., & Hassan, A. A. A. (2017). Use of steel fibers to optimize self-consolidating concrete mixtures containing crumb rubber. ACI Materials Journal, 114(4), 581–594.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    EFNARC. (2005). The European guidelines for self-compacting concrete specification, production and use (English ed.). Norfolk: European Federation for Specialist Construction Chemicals and Concrete Systems.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    American Concrete Institute (ACI) 544.2R-89. (1999). Measurement of properties of fiber reinforced concrete. West 481 Conshohocken.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Najim, K. B., & Hall, M. (2012). Mechanical and dynamic properties of self-compacting crumb rubber modified concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 27(1), 521–530.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Najim, K. B., & Hall, M. R. (2010). A review of the fresh/hardened properties and applications for plain-(prc) and self-compacting rubberised concrete (SCRC). Construction and Building Materials, 24, 2043–2051.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed K. Ismail
    • 1
  • Assem A. A. Hassan
    • 1
  • Katherine E. Ridgley
    • 1
  • Bruce Colbourne
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, Memorial University of NewfoundlandSt. John’sCanada

Personalised recommendations