Multi-modal Transmission Strategies with Obstacle Avoidance for Healthcare Applications

  • Tiong Hoo Lim
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 237)


This paper presents a novel energy-efficient MAC Protocol designed for Body Sensor networks (BSN) focusing towards pervasive healthcare applications. BSN nodes are usually attached to the human body to track vital health signs such as body temperature, activity or heart-rate. Unlike traditional wireless sensor networks, the nodes in BSN are not deployed in an adhoc manner. The network connectivity is usually centrally managed and all communications are single-hop. The BSN has to be dependable in order to ensure the availability and reliability of the data received. Hence, it is necessary to reduce energy consumption in order to prolong the operation of the network without frequent outage. It is common to duty cycle the sensor nodes to preserve the battery utilization. However, the communication between the sensing node and receiving node can be interfered by human movement that can lead to energy wastage. In this paper, A Multi-Modal Opportunistic Transmission with Energy Saving (M-MOTES) is proposed. M-MOTES uses the opportunistic transmission approach and the human kinematics to duty-cycling the node. Extensive experiments performed on real hardware show that M-MOTES can reduce the battery power consumption without affecting the packet reliability.


Body Sensor Networks Body shadowing Multi-hop transmission Duty cycle Multimodal 


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Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universiti Teknologi BruneiGadongBrunei Darussalam

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