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Epilogue

Abstract

China is increasingly aware of the role and potential it can have to influence the world development. This has led it to reconsider and develop foreign policies, the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) being a new flagship of them. The economic tone in China’s foreign policy has given it a soft flavor.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    China’s Arctic Policy. Published by the State Council Information Office of the People’s Republic of China. http://english.gov.cn/archive/white_paper/2018/01/26/content_281476026660336.htm.

  2. 2.

    Vangeli, Anastas, Shared Destiny, Sovereignty, State-led Economics, Connectivity and Flexibility, in this volume.

  3. 3.

    Zhang, Kangle, A Tale of Ending Poverty: The new financial institutions and China’s global strategy, in this volume.

  4. 4.

    Desheng Hu, Jun Ou and Xueyue discuss the environmental aspects of FDI projects in the article On Environmental Responsibility of Chinese Enterprises for Their FDIs in Countries within the One Belt and One Road Initiative, in this volume. Kangle Zhang discusses the financial aspects of the projects, see the article mentioned in fn 3. Shu Zhang discusses the Investor State Arbitration clause in the article Developing China’s Investor-State Arbitration Clause: Discussions in the Context of the “Belt and Road” Initiative, in this volume.

  5. 5.

    Bath (2016).

  6. 6.

    Xiao Yongping and Meng Yu discuss the international credibility of Chinese courts in Some Suggestions for Improving the International Credibility of the Chinese judiciary: A Focus on the OBORI, in this volume. See also Tommy Yu, China’s “One Belt, One Road Initiative”: What’s in it for Law firms and lawyers?, in this volume.

  7. 7.

    Visions and Actions on Jointly Building Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road. 2015/03/28, Issued by the National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China, with State Council authorization. Available on-line.

  8. 8.

    On the five principles, see Chi He, The Belt and Road Initiative as a Global Public Good: Implications for Public International Law, in this volume.

  9. 9.

    Lingliang (2016), p. 527 and 540.

  10. 10.

    Vilaҫa, Guilherme Vasconcelos, Strengthening the Cultural and Normative Foundations of the Belt and Road Initiative: The Colombo Plan, Yan Xuetong and Chinese Ancient Thought, in this volume.

  11. 11.

    Nicholas Morris on developing a sustainable legal system on the basis of traditional Chinese Philosophy, see his Developing A Sustainable Legal System for the Belt and Road Initiative, in this volume.

  12. 12.

    http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/ Accessed 8 January 2018.

  13. 13.

    Ruskola (2013).

  14. 14.

    Understandably, the Polar Silk Road and the policy on Arctic, highlights the shared destiny aspects. See, the document referred to in fn 1.

  15. 15.

    Xi (2014), p. 317.

  16. 16.

    On the financial aspect of AIIB, see Kangle Zhang, above fn 3, in this volume. On the environmental clause of the AIIB, see Brombal, Daniele, Planning for a Sustainable OBOR: An appraisal of the AIIB environmental and social safeguards, in this volume.

  17. 17.

    Kembayev (2016), pp. 691–699.

  18. 18.

    Ibid., p. 699.

  19. 19.

    Sprick (2016).

  20. 20.

    Boister (2012), p. 278.

  21. 21.

    Khanna (2016).

  22. 22.

    See, e.g., Lin (2017).

  23. 23.

    Seppänen (2014).

  24. 24.

    See the discussion in Ahl (2016).

  25. 25.

    See the discussion by Kangle Zhang, in this volume.

  26. 26.

    See, above, the article mentioned in fn 6, in this volume.

  27. 27.

    Bradford (2012).

  28. 28.

    Ibid., p. 49.

  29. 29.

    See, for instance, various chapters in the book Transnational Law. Maduro et al. (2014).

References

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Nuotio, K. (2018). Epilogue. In: Shan, W., Nuotio, K., Zhang, K. (eds) Normative Readings of the Belt and Road Initiative. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-78018-4_12

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