From Heroes to Victims
Dramatic changes in attitudes towards warfare occurred in much of the West after the First World War, but these were caused by wider factors than the war itself. These included the spread of education, the development of the media and the reduction in the size of families. Subsequently reporting on wars has changed from lauding the heroes and the successful generals to lamenting the deaths and destruction. Each development in communications technology and particularly television has made the suffering more visible to an ever wider public while any differentiation there was in past wars between civilians and soldiers has often been removed by technical and political changes. Given the spread of knowledge about the effects of warfare the most popular nations world-wide are those that appear peaceful and constructive.