• Philip Towle


The Japanese proposal in 1978 that the anniversary of the nuclear attack on Hiroshima in August 1945 should be made the UN’s World Peace Day showed how international culture had come to be dominated by the idea of victimisation. This has led since 1945 to a spate of national apologies which have gone some way to make amends for the sufferings of the past. But complaints about the past can be used to stir up antagonisms between nations and between national minorities and governments. They also remind us of the central importance of history and memory that determine national policies and how difficult it is to interpret them and put them in context.


Apologies Glory Hiroshima History Victims 

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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip Towle
    • 1
  1. 1.POLISUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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